By et al S. H. Lin (Editor)
Between others, chemistry, physics, biology, and fabric sciences have noticeable a speedy progress in either experimental and theoretical stories of multi-photon tactics and spectroscopy of atoms, ions and molecules. This ebook is a crucial addition to a complicated sequence that comprises overview papers readable not just via energetic researchers in those parts, but additionally via people who find themselves meaning to input the sector. Written through specialists within the region, the studies are self-contained to permit readers to understand the major recommendations with no a lot education. This quantity can be valuable to lively researchers in addition to to scientists in biology, chemistry, fabric sciences, and physics.
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Additional info for Advances In Multi-photon Processes And Spectroscopy
H. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 5660 (2000). 17. H. Niikura, F. Legare, R. Hasbani, A. D. , Nature 417, 917 (2002). 18. H. Niikura, F. Legare, R. Hasbani, M. Y. , Nature 421, 826 (2003). ch01 3rd Reading December 23, 2005 13:10 WSPC/SPI-B348: Advances of Multi-Photon Processes and Spectroscopy (AMPS Vol 17) Probing Orbital Symmetries and Ionization Dynamics 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 27 T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. A 52, R2511 (1995). K. Codling, L. J. Frasinski, P.
M. Tong Fig. 11. Kinetic energy release spectra of D+ ions as a function of time delay between the pump and probe lasers from theoretical simulation (upper panel) and experimental measurement (lower panel). The pulse width of each laser is 8 fs and the peak intensity is 3 × 1014 W/cm2 for the pump laser and 8 × 1014 W/cm2 for the probe laser. or modiﬁed in ways depending strongly on the second laser or light source. Using 8 fs laser pulse of a moderate intensity of 8 × 1014 W/cm2 , only the wave packet in the outer region (or larger internuclear separations) can be probed or modiﬁed.
16, the widely used Reiss and Keldysh methods underestimate the experimentally observed photoionization rates to a large extent. Therefore, Fig. 1 indicates that our new formulas ameliorate the Keldysh’s original formulas. In the range of tunneling limit (γ 1), the photoionization rates w0 obtained by the different approaches can be approximated as √ √ 1/2 3/2 eF 6π I0 4 2mI0 γ2 exp − w0 = 1 − 3/2 4 3 e F 10 m1/2 I0 √ √ 1/2 3/2 4 2π I0 4 2mI0 eF γ2 w0 = exp − 1 − 3/2 3 3 e F 10 m1/2 I (Keldysh), 0 [for the case Eq.
Advances In Multi-photon Processes And Spectroscopy by et al S. H. Lin (Editor)