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By Gary Jason Hartenburg

ISBN-10: 126705798X

ISBN-13: 9781267057983

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Extra resources for 'A Somewhat Lengthy and Difficult Argument'' The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Plato's ''Republic'' 476e-480a

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Yet this interpretation of the Explanation of the Argument from Opposites is preferable to one that assumes Plato is anticipating a number of points from the Argument that he has not yet demonstrated because it only assumes {19} and {20}, which are accepted in the Argument without explanation of how knowledge is infallible. Thus, based on the conclusions of the Argument from Opposites and the Explanation of the Argument from Opposites, a correct interpretation of the Argument needs to show that in the Argument Plato neither assumes nor infers any points contrary to the claims that (i) the forms are singular entities inasmuch as each of them is one in number and that (ii) belief and knowledge are different.

Knowledge is over something. If knowledge is over something, then knowledge is either over ‘that which is’ or over ‘that which not is’. Knowledge is either over ‘that which is’ or over ‘that which not is’. [implicit; 2, 3] Knowledge is not over ‘that which not is’. Knowledge is over ‘that which is’. [4, 5] Knowledge is over ‘that which completely is’. [6] Ignorance is over ‘that which completely not is’. If there is an X that is both ‘to be’ and ‘not to be’, then X lies between ‘that which is’ and ‘that which not is’.

Knowledge does not make mistakes. Belief makes mistakes. Belief and knowledge accomplish different things. [19, 20] Belief and knowledge are over different things. [15, 17, 18, 21] Knowledge and belief are different faculties. [13, 21, 22] Belief is not over the forms. [7, 22] Belief is over something. If belief is over something, then belief is not over nothing. Belief is not over nothing. [25, 26] Nothing is nothing. Belief is not over nothing. [27, 28] Ignorance is over nothing. [8] Ignorance is a faculty.

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'A Somewhat Lengthy and Difficult Argument'' The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Plato's ''Republic'' 476e-480a by Gary Jason Hartenburg

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